The museum is located in the former royal palace. The Louvre Museum was officially opened in 1793.
About 38,000 works of art were exhibited on the exhibition area of over 60,000 square meters. The Louvre's full resources are 350,000 exhibits.
The exhibits collected at the Louvre Museum were assigned to eight collections:
The art of ancient Egypt - e.g. "The Great Sphinx",
The art of ancient Greece and Rome - e.g. "Venus of Milo", "Nike of Samothrace",
Art of the Ancient Near East - e.g. Hammurabi Codex document, figure of the goddess Nephthys,
Islamic art - e.g. Waza Barberini, Josse's Shroud,
Sculpture - e.g. Antonio Canova's Cupid and Pyche, Michelangelo's Dying Captive,
Painting - works of the best French, Flemish, Dutch or German painters, above all Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa",
Art Craft - e.g. Harbaville Triptych, Polyptych with Mary and Baby Jesus,
Drawing and Graphics - e.g. Eugène Delacroix drawings and watercolors.
|2.||225||National Museum of China||China||Beijing||National||More|
The museum was founded in 2003 by merging two museums: Museum of the Chinese Revolution and National Museum of Chinese History.
The permanent exhibition consists of over one million exhibits.
The most important are "Simuwu Ding" from the Shang Dynasty, the square shaped Shang Dynasty bronze zun, jade burial suits sewn with gold thread from Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty ceramics. The museum has a unique numismatic collection.
|3.||259||British Museum||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The British Museum was founded in 1753. The British Museum has over 8 million exhibits. The collection consists primarily of monuments of ancient history. The collections are presented in nine sections:
Ancient Egypt and Sudan,
Ancient Greece and Rome,
Africa, Oceania and both Americas,
Great Britain, prehistory and Europe,
Drawing and graphics,
Coins and medals,
Conservation and scientific research.
The most important monuments of the British Museum include:
carvings from the ancient city of Nineveh,
Letters from Amarna,
royal tombs from Ur,
marbles from the Athenian Parthenon,
one of six caryatids from Erechtheion,
reliefs from Nineveh,
sketches of Michelangelo, Rafael, Leonardo da Vinci.
|4.||252||National Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
National Gallery was founded in 1824. You can see 2,300 images there.
The most famous works:
- Leonardo da Vinci "Madonna in the Grotto"
- Vincent van Gogh "Sunflowers"
- Rembrandt van Rijn "Bathing woman"
- Caravaggio "Supper in Emmaus"
|5.||175||Metropolitan Museum of Art||USA||New York||Art||More|
The oldest and largest American museum. Founded in 1870.
The collections are divided into thematic sections covering the history of world art: painting, applied art, military, musical instruments, photography.
The collection of paintings includes works of the world's greatest artists. The collection's decoration is the canvas of Dutch master Rembrandt. Italian paintings are represented by paintings e.g. Botticelli and Rafael.
The museum has an excellent collection of 19th-century French painting e.g. Manet, Monet, Renoir, van Gogh, Cézanne.
|6.||217||Vatican Museums||Vatican City||Vatican City||Art||More|
Vatican Museums made available to the public in 1787. The Vatican Museums consist of:
- Museo Chiaramonti
- Museo Sacro
- Museo Pio Clementino
- Museo Missionario-Etnologico
- Appartamento Borgia
- Sistine Chapel
- Gregorian Etruscan Museum
- Egyptian Museum
|7.||436||Forbidden City||China||Beijing||Historic house||More|
Forbidden City (Palace Museum of Beijing) established in 1925. It was built between 1406 and 1420. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, i.e. in the years 1420–1912 it was the Chinese imperial palace. The entire complex includes 980 buildings located on an area of 112 hectares.
|8.||182||Tate Modern||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The opening of Tate Modern took place in 2000. Tate Modern collects art collections of the 20th and 21st centuries. Exhibition area 55,000 square meters.
|9.||168||Natural History Museum||United Kingdom||London||Natural history||More|
Natural History Museum opened in 1881.
The collection includes over 80 million exhibits and is divided into:
Photo copyright Natural History Museum
|10.||651||State Hermitage Museum||Russia||St Petersburg||Art||More|
The State Hermitage Museum has been open to the public since 1852.
The entire collection is more than 3 million artifacts, including 1 million numismatic items.
The State Hermitage Museum presents monuments of culture and art of ancient Egypt and Greece as well as gold of the Scythians. The Hermitage collection includes two paintings by Leonardo da Vinci and the largest collection of Rembrandt paintings outside the Netherlands. The decoration of the collection is the paintings of Impressionists and post-Impressionists. The Hermitage has in its resources a rich collection of Asian art; Central Asian art collection attracts special attention. An important part of the collection is Russian art covering the period from the 11th to the 19th century.
|11.||182||National Air and Space Museum||USA||Washington||Air and space||More|
National Air and Space Museum part of the Smithsonian Institution, open since 1976. He makes public about 80% of his 50,000 exhibits. The most important of them are:
- the world's first Flyer I engine plane constructed in 1903 by the Wright brothers
- Spirit of St. Louis, which the American pilot Charles Lindbergh made in 1927 the first single stopover flight from North America to Europe
- built from original components acquired during World War II, the German V2 rocket
- Columbia command module (orbital) from the Apollo 11 mission, during which the first human landing on the moon took place
- Discovery space shuttle
- supersonic Concorde passenger plane
A view of the "America by Air" gallery; National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian
|12.||464||American Museum of Natural History||USA||New York||Natural history||More|
The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) was founded in 1869.
The museum's collection includes over 34 million specimens of minerals, rocks, meteorites, fossils, plants, animals, human bones and artifacts.
|13.||189||National Gallery of Art||USA||Washington||Art||More|
The National Gallery of Art, founded as a gift to the nation, serves as a center of visual art, education, and culture. Our collection of more than 150,000 paintings, sculpture, decorative arts, photographs, prints, and drawings spans the history of Western art and showcases some of the triumphs of human creativity. Across 363 days a year, the National Gallery offers a full spectrum of special exhibitions and public programs free of charge.
|14.||207||China Science and Technology Museum||China||Beijing||Science and technology||More|
China Science and Technology Museum founded in 1988. Area: 48,000 square meters.
It presents popular science exhibitions, Astro-vision film screenings, training-based educational programs and experimental-based exhibition programs.
Topics: Glories of China and Science Paradise, Exploration and Discovery, Sci-tech and Life and The Challenges and the Future.
Reina Sofía was opened in 1990.
It presents contemporary Spanish art in an international context from the end of the 19th century to the present day. Pablo Picasso's painting Guernica from 1937 is exhibited in Reina Sofía. Other artists whose artistic achievements are in the collection of Reina Sofía are, for example: Salvador Dali, Joan Miró, Juan Gris, Georges Braque, Francis Bacon, Alexander Calder, René Magritte, Robert Delaunay, Man Ray and Yves Klein.
The collection comprises over 20,000 works, five percent of which are on display.
The museum also houses an art library with over 100,000 books.
|16.||150||National Museum of Natural History||USA||Washington||Natural history||More|
The National Museum of Natural History is part of the Smithsonian Institution. It was founded in 1910.
Currently, exhibition and public space covers 30,200 square meters.
It has more than 126 million specimens of minerals, rocks, meteorites, fossils, plants, animals, human bones and artifacts.
Zhejiang Museum was founded in 1929 as the West Lake Museum. It has over 100,000 exhibits in its permanent collection.
His collection includes archaeological findings of the Neolithic Hemudu culture, jade artifacts and silk fabrics of the Liangzhu culture, bronze Yue instruments, ceramics from the Tang Dynasty in Yue kilns, a bronze mirror from Huzhou, and calligraphies and paintings of local painters from the Ming and Qing period.
|18.||574||Shanghai Science and Technology Museum||China||Shanghai||Science and technology||More|
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum was opened in 2001.
The exhibition area covers 65,500 square meters.
Permanent exhibitions present, among others:
- Spectrum of Life: natural exhibits imitating the natural environment of Yunnan province and showing the diversity of flora,
- Earth exploration,
- Cradle of Design or Designers, visitors can use CAD/CAM to design and build small items,
- The information age,
- The world of robots,
- Space navigation.
|19.||767||Victoria and Albert Museum||United Kingdom||London||Art, fashion, design,... performance, decorative arts||More|
Victoria and Albert Museum was founded in 1852 as the South Kensington Museum. The permanent collection consists of over 2.3 million exhibits.
V&A Family: V&A South Kensington, V&A Museum of Childhood (transforming), V&A Dundee, V&A at Design Society (Shekou, China), V&A East (project).
The museum is divided into four sections - collections: 1) Asia; 2) furniture, textiles and fashion; 3) sculpture, metalwork, ceramics, glass; 4) word and image. The collection includes applied and decorative arts as well as design, as well as post-classical sculpture. The collections of the Italian Renaissance belong to the largest outside Italy. The Asian department covers art from South Asia, China, Japan, Korea and the Islamic world. East Asian collections draw attention with ceramics and metalwork.
|20.||150||National Museum of American History||USA||Washington||History||More|
The National Museum of American History as part of the Smithsonian Institution was opened in 1964 as the Museum of History and Technology. The museum collects, preserves and exposes the US heritage in the aspect of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. Among the items presented is the original banner with the stars - a flag that fluttered over Fort McHenry in the port of Baltimore during the maritime part of the Battle of Baltimore during the war in 1812.
|21.||343||National Palace Museum||Chinese Taipei||Taipei||Art||More|
The National Palace Museum was originally created as the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City in 1925.
The permanent collection consists of nearly 700,000 exhibits of ancient Chinese artifacts and works of art collected by Chinese emperors. The museum has Chinese calligraphy, porcelain, bronze, paintings, jade. The museum collections present art from the Neolithic era to the present day.
Center Pompidou opened in 1977.
The Center Pompidou houses one of the world's most important collections of modern and contemporary art. There are also large temporary exhibition galleries and a library.
The predecessor of the Nanjing Museum was the preparatory department of the National Central Museum, which was founded in 1933.
Nanjing Museum covers an area of 85,000 square meters. The museum has over 400,000 exhibits in its permanent collection. The most important exhibit of the collection is full-size armor made of small jade tiles connected with silver wire.
The museum's collections are presented in twelve exhibition halls:
- Qin garden
- Earthen Ware Hall
- Treasure room
- Folk Art Hall
- Bronze room
- China Ming and Qing Hall
- Wu Weishan sculpture hall
- Hall of ancient paintings
- Modern Art Hall
- Jiangnan Silk Product Hall
- Jade Hall
- Lacquer Hall
|24.||675||Le Gallerie degli Uffizi||Italy||Florence||Art||More|
Galleria degli Uffizi was opened to the public in 1765.
Le Gallerie degli Uffizi consists of: Gli Uffizi, Corridoio Vasariano, Palazzo Pitti, Giardino di Boboli.
The gallery is divided into rooms with works of art representing, in chronological order, various schools and styles.
The pride of the gallery are paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, and Titian.
Musée d'Orsay opened to the public in 1986. In 2010, the Musée de l'Orangerie joined the Musée d'Orsay.
The collection mainly contains French art from 1848–1918: painting, sculpture, photography and furniture. Among the collections of paintings, the most popular are the works of impressionists and post-impressionists, e.g .:
- Paul Cézanne - Card Players (1893–1896), Apples and Oranges (1895–1900);
- Edgar Degas - Absinthe (1875–76), Blue Dancers (1890);
- Paul Gauguin - Self Portrait with Yellow Christ (1889–1890), Tahitian Women on the Beach (1891);
- Édouard Manet - Olimpia (1863), Breakfast on the grass (1863);
- Claude Monet - Saint-Lazare Train Station (1877), cycle Cathedral of Rouen (1892–93), Water Lilies (1916–19);
- Auguste Renoir - Ball at Moulin de la Galette (1876);
- Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec - Toilet (1896);
- Vincent van Gogh - Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890).
Hunan Museum opened to the public in 1956.
The museum covers an area of about 50,000 square meters.
The collection includes 180,000 objects, including the inscriptions from the tomb of Marquis Dai in Mawangdui from the Han dynasty and the bronze drum of the Fighting States.
|27.||219||Moscow Kremlin Museums||Russia||Moscow||Art||More|
The origins of the Moscow Kremlin Museums go back to the Kremlin Armory Museum founded in 1806.
The Moscow Kremlin Museums include, among others:
- Kremlin armory,
- Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God,
- Cathedral of the Archangel,
- Cathedral of the Annunciation.
|28.||205||National Museum of Korea||South Korea||Seoul||Art||More|
The National Museum of Korea was founded in 1909 as the Imperial Household Museum.
It has over 310,000 exhibits, on 307 227 square meters of exhibition space. One of the most important artifacts is the golden crown of Silla and the 10-story pagoda of the Gyeongcheons Temple.
|29.||157||Gansu Provincial Museum||China||Lanzhou||History||More|
Gansu Provincial Museum was founded in 1939.
His collections include over 350,000 artifacts grouped in two main sections: history (Neolithic, Silk Road) and natural sciences. The most important monument of the museum is the Flying Horse of Gansu, a bronze sculpture from the Eastern Han dynasty, around the 2nd century AD.
|30.||171||Science Museum||United Kingdom||London||Science and technology||More|
Science Museum founded in 1857.
It has a collection of over 300,000 exhibits.
The collections cover various fields of science and technology, presenting the history of the development of these fields. There are, among others sets of exhibits related to the activities of British inventors, e.g. James Watt (pioneering steam engines), George Stephenson (Rocket steam engine), John Logie Baird (prototype television sets).
|31.||156||Somerset House||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
Since 1973, the Somerset House has the Courtauld Institute of Art, which exhibits an important collection of European art at the Courtauld Gallery. The pride of the collection are paintings painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder, Pieter Paul Rubens, William Turner, Bruegel, Van Dyck as well as impressionists and post-impressionists, e.g. The Bar of the Folies-Bergère Manet. Courtauld Gallery owns more than 500 paintings, 7,000 drawings, sculptures, and artistic craftsmanship.
|32.||181||National Museum of Natural Science||Chinese Taipei||Taichung||Natural history||More|
The National Museum of Natural Science was founded in 1986.
The museum's collection consists of over 550,000 exhibits.
The collections are divided into departments of geology, botany, zoology, and anthropology.
|33.||277||Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum was first opened in 1926 as the Tokyo Prefectural Museum of Art. The museum mainly exhibits the work of leading Japanese and foreign artists at temporary exhibitions. Exhibitions cover a very wide spectrum from traditional Japanese exhibitions from the Edo period, calligraphy and wood engraving to Art Nouveau, paintings by Van Gogh, Gauguin, Klimt, Munch and new wave art.
|34.||235||Chongqing Museum of Natural History||China||Chongqing||Natural history||More|
Chongqing Museum of Natural History founded in 1944, initially under the name Western Museum of China.
Currently it covers an area of 30 842 square meters, of which the exhibition occupies 16 252 square meters.
It has a collection of approximately 70,000 specimens including minerals, paleontology, plants, animals, and Stone Age exhibits. Among the most valuable exhibits are the skeletons of the dinosaur Omeisaurus Zigongensis and the stegosaurus Tuojiang. Permanent exhibitions: Animal Planet, Dinosaur World, Landscape Metropolis, Earth Mystery, Life Stream, Ecological Homeland.
|35.||150||Museum of Modern Art||USA||New York||Art||More|
Museum of Modern Art was founded in 1929.
Museum departments: architecture and design, painting and sculpture, graphics and book illustration, drawing, photography, film, media.
The collection includes works by: Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, Edward Hopper.
The MoMA library has a collection of 300,000 books primarily on the history of modern art.
The Museum of Modern Art © 2019 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Brett Beyer
|36.||287||Shaanxi History Museum||China||Xi'an||History||More|
Shaanxi History Museum was opened to visitors in 1991.
The museum collection has 370,000 artifacts.
The exhibition area covers 11,000 square meters.
The most valuable in the museum's collection are bronze products, ceramics and wall paintings from the Tang dynasty tombs.
Chengdu Museum was founded in 1958.
The total exhibition area covers almost 20,000 square meters.
The entire collection includes nearly 200,000 exhibits and are representative of the Chengdu region from the Neolithic period to the Republic of China. Museum collections include bronze from the pre-Qin period, gold and silver; porcelain and silk of the Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties; graves and treasures of the Ming and Qing dynasties; Dojo paintings, shadows, dolls.
|38.||198||Tokyo National Museum||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
Tokyo National Museum was founded in 1872.
The most important part of the collection is ancient and medieval Japanese art, monuments of the Silk Road and Greek-Buddhist art.
The collection consists of over 110,000 objects.
Photo: Facade of the Gallery of Hōryūji Treasures, Tokyo National Museum
|39.||221||National Museum of History||Mexico||Mexico City||History||More|
The National Museum of History (MNH) was opened to the public in Castillo de Chapultepec in 1944.
The exhibitions show the history of Mexico, from the conquest of Spain, through the colonial era, the war of independence, to the revolution of 1910.
|40.||208||China Art Museum||China||Shanghai||Art||More|
China Art Museum was founded in 1956 as the Shanghai Art Museum.
The museum mainly collects Chinese contemporary art.
It has around 14,000 works of art in its collections.
Mevlana Museum is the mausoleum of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, a Persian Sufi mystic also known as Mevlâna; original lodge of Mevlevi whirling dervishes. The museum was opened in 1927.
|42.||249||National Museum of Nature and Science||Japan||Tokyo||Natural history,... science and technology||More|
The National Museum of Nature and Science opened in 1871. It has over 10,000 exhibits in its collection. The museum focuses on natural history and interactive scientific experience. The most famous exhibits are: the crafted faithful dog Hachiko, fragment of the Nantan meteorite that fell on China in the 16th century, a mummy from the Japanese Edo period (1603-1868), an original WWII fighter.
|43.||543||National Museum of Anthropology||Mexico||Mexico City||Archeology, anthropology||More|
The National Museum of Anthropology has been open since 1964.
Exposition area: 44,000 square meters.
In the museum you can see archaeological and ethnographic collections from 2500 BC to the present day.
|44.||171||Royal Museums Greenwich||United Kingdom||London||History, maritime||More|
Royal Museums Greenwich is an organization associating four museums located in Greenwich in London: National Maritime Museum, Queen's House, Royal Observatory Greenwich, Cutty Sark.
Established in 2012.
It has over 4,000,000 objects in its collection.
|45.||373||National Gallery of Victoria||Australia||Melbourne||Art||More|
The National Gallery of Victoria was founded in 1861.
It consists of two sections: the NGV International art gallery and the NGV Australia art gallery.
At NGV International you can see the works of such masters as Rembrandt, Titian, and Manet.
Whereas NGV Australia presents the art of Aborigines and Australian painters representing different periods, from classic colonial painters, through Australian Impressionists to contemporary artists.
|46.||182||National Art Center, Tokyo||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
The National Art Center, Tokyo (NACT) was opened in 2007.
NACT does not have its own collection, permanent exhibition. Curators of NACT organizes temporary exhibitions and sponsored presentations, sometimes with other organizations.
NACT's exhibition space is 14,000 square meters.
|47.||167||Russian Museum||Russia||St Petersburg||National - art||More|
The Russian Museum was founded in 1895.
He presents Russian art from the 10th to the 21st century. The museum's collection contains over 400,000 exhibits - it is the world's largest collection of Russian art. In the museum you can see, for example, the first version of the painting "The Black Square" by Kazimir Malevich.
The Russian Museum also houses the collections of the Ludwig Museum. The Russian Museum has a branch in Málaga, Spain.
The museum complex of the Russian Museum includes the Mikhailovsky Palace and Benois Wing, the Mikhailovsky Castle, the Stroganov Palace, St Michael's (Engineers) Castle, the Marble Palace, Peter I’s Summer Palace, Cabin of Peter the Great and Mikhailovsky Gardens, Engineering Gardens, Summer Garden. The area of the entire complex is over 30 hectares.
|48.||197||Van Gogh Museum||Netherlands||Amsterdam||Art||More|
Van Gogh Museum opened to the public in 1973.
The museum stores 200 paintings by Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) from all periods of his work, 400 drawings and 700 letters. The collection enriches the paintings of other outstanding European painters from 1840-1920.
|49.||839||Houston Museum of Natural Science||USA||Houston||Natural history||More|
The Houston Museum of Natural Science was founded in 1909.
The museum complex consists of the main facility and the Burke Baker Planetarium, Cockrell Butterfly Center and Wortham Giant Screen Theater.
In the museum you can see dinosaurs and other exhibits from various fields of knowledge, e.g. geology, biology, geography.
|50.||183||Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie||France||Paris||Science and technology||More|
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie was officially opened in 1986.
It covers an area of 150,000 square meters.
Specializes in the dissemination of scientific and technological knowledge. It consists of, among others, Explora, planetarium, and IMAX cinema. The museum also has an Argonaute submarine from 1958.
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie combined with Palais de la Découverte (2010) in the Universcience (EPIC status).
|51.||193||Three Gorges Museum||China||Chongqing||History||More|
Three Gorges Museum opened in 2005.
The museum covers an area of about 42,500 square meters. The exhibition hall itself has an area of about 23,200 square meters.
The main exhibitions are dedicated to:
- Glorious Three Gorges
- Ancient Ba-Yu - early history of Chongqing
- Chongqing: the City Road – 20th century history
In addition, the museum presents exhibitions: porcelain, calligraphy, painting, sculpture from the Han dynasty, coins.
|52.||198||National Museum of African American History and Culture||USA||Washington||History||More|
The National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) belongs to the Smithsonian Institution, opened to the public in 2016.
The museum building has an area of 33,000 square meters.
NMAAHC has in its collection over 40,000 exhibits, of which about 3,500 exhibits are exhibited. The museum presents African American history, art, music. One of the most pipular exhibits was the 1953 Jacqueline Bouvier wedding dress when she got married to John F. Kennedy, a trumpet that belonged to jazz musician Louis Armstrong, Muhammad Ali's boxing gloves.
|53.||281||National Museums Scotland||United Kingdom||Edinburgh||National - archeology,... natural history, science and technology, air, military||More|
The National Museums Scotland (NMS) was formed in 1985, however, it originates from the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland founded in 1780.
The museum consists of:
- National Museum of Scotland
- National Museum of Flight
- National War Museum
- National Museum of Rural Life
- National Museums Collection Centre
The exhibitions display 8,000 exhibits, mainly Scottish archaeological monuments but also objects from around the world in the fields of geology, natural history, art as well as science and technology.
The Tretyakov Gallery founded in 1856.
The Tretyakov Gallery collects Russian art from the 11th century to the present day.
The collection has over 200,000 exhibits.
- Tretyakov Gallery
- House-Museum of Pavel Korin
- Museum-workshop of Anna Golubkina
- Apollinarius Vasnetsov Museum-Apartment
- House-Museum of Viktor Vasnetsov
- New Tretyakov Gallery
- in Kaliningrad, Vladivostok, Samara
Acropolis Museum opened in 2009.
Exposition area of 14,000 square meters.
It is an archaeological museum dedicated to finds from the Athenian Acropolis.
© Acropolis Museum
Photo Nikos Daniilidis
The Rijksmuseum was founded in 1800 under the name Nationale Kunst-Gallerij.
The core of the collection is a collection of paintings that includes over 5,000 paintings representing Dutch (e.g. Rembrandt van Rĳn paintings) and world paintings of the 15th-19th century. The collection is complemented by sculpture, graphics, applied art and handicrafts. The Rijksmuseum has an interesting collection of Asian art.
© Rijksmuseum (2014), photo John Lewis Marshall
|57.||627||Grand Palais||France||Paris||Art, science and... technology||More|
The Grand Palais opened in 1900.
Exhibitions are presented on an area of 77,000 square meters.
In the Grand Palais there are: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Société Nationale des Beaux Arts, Salon d'Automne, Palais de la Découverte. Palais de la Découverte - science museum combined with Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie (2010) in the Universcience (EPIC status).
Shanghai Museum was founded in 1952.
The museum's collections contain over 1 million exhibits.
The museum has a representative collection of ancient Chinese art, which consists of: bronze, sculptures, ceramics, jades, paintings, calligraphy, seals, coins and a "transparent" bronze mirror from the Han Dynasty.
|59.||185||California Science Center||USA||Los Angeles||Science and technology,... air and space||More|
California Science Center founded in 1951 as the California Museum of Science and Industry. Current permanent exhibitions: Ecosystems, Creative World, World of Life, Space exhibits, Aircraft, Robotic spacecraft.
|60.||270||National Folk Museum of Korea||South Korea||Seoul||Ethnography||More|
The National Folk Museum of Korea is a museum that represents daily life and culture of Korea and is visited by more than two million people every year. We provide educational and cultural opportunities to better understand and experience the traditional Korean lifestyle. Since its establishment in 1946, the National Museum of Anthropology has primarily investigated and researched Korean folk culture, while having has acquired, preserved, and exhibited Korean folk cultural artifacts. Over the years, we have held permanent and special exhibitions, published reports, while also having conducted lectures and other public education programs. Now, in keeping with the paradigm for museums in the 21st century that require them to be more responsive to the public and take an open and specialized approach, we are striving to expand our visitor base and reach out to visitors more effectively.
|61.||541||Art Institute of Chicago||USA||Chicago||Art||More|
Art Institute of Chicago founded in 1879.
The entire collection includes approximately 260,000 works of art.
The museum has a collection of European paintings, from the twelfth century to the mid-twentieth century, with distinctive paintings of impressionists and post-impressionists: Monet, Renoir, van Gogh, Cézanne, and Matisse. American painting is represented by: Wood, Hopper.
Photo: The Art Institute of Chicago. Michigan Avenue Entrance. Courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Edward Kemeys, Lions. Bronze with Green patina. Gift of Mrs. Henry Field, 1898.1a-b. The Art Institute of Chicago. The lions are the registered trademarks of the Art Institute of Chicago.
|62.||180||National Portrait Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The National Portrait Gallery was opened in 1856.
Has in the collection of nearly 200,000 portraits of famous British people.
The collection of paintings stored at Belvedere was made publicly available in 1781. Currently, art collections are presented in Lower Belvedere, Upper Belvedere and Belvedere 21. They cover works of art from the Middle Ages to the present day. The attention of visitors is attracted by the world's largest collection of Gustav Klimt's paintings.
Belvedere Palace © Lukas Schaller / Belvedere, Vienna
|64.||207||National Gallery Singapore||Singapore||Singapore||Art||More|
National Gallery Singapore was founded in 2015.
The collection of over 8,000 works of art is presented on an area of 64,000 square meters.
The National Gallery Singapore exhibits works of artists from Singapore and Southeast Asia from the 19th to the 21st century.
National Gallery Singapore, Link Bridges at the Padang Atrium
|65.||160||National Galleries of Scotland||United Kingdom||Edinburgh||Art||More|
National Galleries of Scotland organized in 1985. Brings together:
Scottish National Gallery,
Scottish National Portrait Gallery,
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art,
Granton Center for Art.
Has nearly 100,000 esponates in its collection, which includes works by artists such as Titian, Rembrandt, Picasso, Hockney, and Warhol.
|66.||702||Getty Center||USA||Los Angeles||Art||More|
Getty Center was opened in 1997.
Exhibitions include sculpture of ancient Greece and ancient Rome (Getty Villa), paintings of European masters (e.g. Titian "Venus and Adonis" or van Gogh "Irises"), manuscripts, photography.
|67.||172||Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil||Brazil||Rio de Janeiro||Art||More|
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro opened in 1989. It covers an area of 15 046 square meters.
Museu Banco do Brasil, created in 1955, has a historical collection, which includes, among others, numismatic items and documents. In the museum you can see original interiors with period furniture, for example, the presidential room. An interesting feature of the museum is the pneumatic installation, which, using compressed air, uses a system of underground pipes to quickly transport documents inserted into small metal containers.
|68.||164||Château de Versailles||France||Versailles||Historic house||More|
In 1682, the palace of Versailles became the official residence of the King of France. Inside the palace are the Mirror Hall and the Royal Opera. The palace covers an area of 67,000 square meters. Around the palace is a park covering an area of 815 hectares. Grand Trianon and Petit Trianon are located in the park.
Galleria dell'Accademia founded in 1784.
It is in possession of sculptures by Michelangelo (including the monumental statue of "David"), works of Florentine painters from 1300-1600 and collections of historical musical instruments made, among others, by Stradivarius.
|70.||350||Smithsonian American Art Museum and Renwick Gallery||USA||Washington||Art||More|
Smithsonian American Art Museum and Renwick Gallery founded in 1829.
The museum presents 300 years of American art, from colonial times to the present day.
The collection includes over 41,000 works by more than 7,000 artists, including: James McNeill Whistler, Georgia O’Keeffe, Edward Hopper, Robert Rauschenberg, Nam June Paik, Jenny Holzer, David Hockney.
Courtesy of the Smithsonian American Art Museum; photo by Tim Hursley
|71.||550||Beijing Museum of Natural History||China||Beijing||Natural history||More|
Beijing Museum of Natural History founded in 1951.
With 24,000 square meters, the exhibition's total area is 8,000 square meters. The collection includes paleontological specimens, invertebrates, birds and mammals, in total over 200,000 specimens.
|72.||173||Queensland Art Gallery & Gallery of Modern Art||Australia||Brisbane||Art||More|
Queensland Art Gallery & Gallery of Modern Art (QAGOMA) have been working together since 2006. In total, they cover an area of nearly 30,000 square meters. They present contemporary art of Australia, Asia and the Pacific. Their collections include works by others: Pablo Picasso, Willem de Kooning, Nam June Paik, Cindy Sherman, and James Turrell. QAGOMA includes the Children's Art Center.
|73.||308||Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco||USA||San Francisco||Art||More|
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (FAMSF) consists of the de Young and the Legion of Honor. The collection includes about 150,000 exhibits. M. H. de Young Memorial Museum was opened in 1895, it collects and presents mainly American art from the 17th to the 20th century. At the California Palace of the Legion of Honor you can see European ancient art and works of European masters such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Renoir, Cézanne, and Picasso.
|74.||212||Museo Nacional del Prado||Spain||Madrid||Art||More|
Museo Nacional del Prado was founded in 1819.
The collection includes works from the royal collection, collected from the 16th to the 20th century.
- Spanish painting - from Romanesque art to the 20th century, you can find works of artists such as: El Greco, Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso, the works of Velazquez (almost 50 works) and Goya (over 140 paintings) are most widely represented,
- Italian painting - from the 15th to the 18th century, the best collection of paintings from the Venetian school, including works of Titian, Veronese and Tintoretto,
- Flemish painting - from the 15th to the 17th century, presentation of the works of Rogier van der Weyden, Bosch,
- French painting - from the 16th to the early 19th century, e.g. paintings by Poussin and Lorrain,
- Greek sculpture - two original sculptures from the archaic period (including kuros from the 6th century BC), Roman copies of the works of Greek masters from the classical period (a miniature copy of Athena Partenos by Fidias, a copy of Athena Myron from the group Athena and Marsia,
- a collection of drawings from the 15th to the 19th century, the Spanish school looks best here (including Goya), but you can also find drawings by Michelangelo,
- graphics - a rich collection consists of Franco Goya's cycles.
|75.||331||Royal Academy of Arts||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
Royal Academy of Arts founded in 1768.
RA presents works of art from ancient sculptures to paintings by members such as Joshua Reynolds and John Constable to the work of contemporary artists. Every year in the summer a contemporary art exhibition is organized, which has an open formula for submitting applications.
Burlington House, Royal Academy of Arts, London (c) Fraser Marr
|76.||277||Palazzo Ducale||Italy||Venice||Historic house||More|
Palazzo Ducale founded in 1340. From 1923 changed to a museum. Includes, among others, Museo dell'Opera, Doge's apartments, Institutional chambers.
|77.||176||Museum of Fine Arts||USA||Boston||Art||More|
Museum of Fine Arts was founded in 1870.
It has over 450,000 works of art from various periods from antiquity to the present day. The collection includes, among others, ancient Egyptian and Greek sculptures, Dutch painting of the seventeenth century, paintings of French impressionists, American art of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Japanese ceramics and woodcut.
Army Museum opened in 1905.
Permanent exhibition area: 9,800 square meters, temporary exhibition: 600 square meters. Number of exhibits around 500,000.
It is divided into two parts; the first presents weapons and armor created between the 13th and 17th centuries, the second presents weapons and vehicles from World War I and II.
|79.||249||Saatchi Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
Saatchi Gallery was founded in 1985.
It covers an area of 6,500 square meters.
Saatchi Gallery presents the art of young, unknown artists from around the world.
|80.||161||Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations||France||Marseille||Anthropology, archeology,... ethnography, art||More|
Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MuCEM) was opened in 2013.
The total area is 45,000 square meters, of which the exhibition area is 4,900 square meters.
The museum stores over 350,000 exhibits in its collections.
MuCEM presents exhibitions in the field of anthropology, archeology, history and art.
|81.||259||Canadian Museum of History||Canada||Gatineau||History, archaeology,... ethnography||More|
The Canadian Museum of History welcomes over 1.2 million visitors each year to its celebrated complex in the heart of the National Capital Region, making it one of the country's most-visited museum. With roots stretching back to 1856, it is one of Canada's oldest public institutions and a respected centre of museological excellence, sharing its expertise in history, archaeology, ethnology and cultural studies both within Canada and abroad. The National Collection consists of more than four million artifacts, specimens, works of art, written documents, and sound and visual recordings.
In addition to its ongoing exhibitions, including the spectacular Grand Hall, the First Peoples Hall, and the Canadian History Hall that provides a stunning showcase for more than 1,500 artifacts, including many of Canada's important historical treasures, each year the Museum presents a number of outstanding exhibitions focusing on Canadian and world history and civilizations. The Museum is also home to the Canadian Children's Museum.
Suzhou Museum founded in 1960.
The exhibition area covers 2,200 square meters. The collection consists of over 15,000 exhibits. Most are ancient Chinese paintings and calligraphy, ceramics, arts and crafts. The collection of paintings and calligraphy includes works of masters from the Song dynasty through the Ming dynasty to the Qing dynasty.
|83.||161||Los Angeles County Museum of Art||USA||Los Angeles||Art||More|
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) founded in 1961.
It has over 150,000 artifacts from around the world from ancient times to the present day.
|84.||719||Guggenheim Museum Bilbao||Spain||Bilbao||Art||More|
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opened in 1997 is a museum of modern and contemporary art.
The total area of the museum building is 24,000 square meters. The exhibitions cover about 11,000 square meters.
|85.||396||Royal Ontario Museum||Canada||Toronto||Art, ethnography,... natural history||More|
The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) was opened to the public in 1914.
The ROM has over 13,000,000 exhibits in its collection. The leading the ROM collections include: minerals (including precious stones) and meteorites, dinosaurs, Indian history, works of art from China and Korea, ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, interiors from various historical periods, including in the art deco style.
|86.||188||National September 11 Memorial & Museum||USA||New York||Memorial||More|
National September 11 Memorial & Museum opened to the public in 2014.
The monument and museum in New York commemorate the attacks of September 11, 2001.
The museum collection includes, among others, over 40,000 paintings and 14,000 artifacts.
|87.||173||Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts||Russia||Moscow||Art||More|
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts was opened in 1912.
Currently, it has around 700,000 European art exhibits.
|88.||240||Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg||Germany||Potsdam||Historic house||More|
Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg (SPSG; Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg) began operating in 1995.
The SPSG deals with the most important testimonies of Brandenburg-Prussia's culture, architecture and art history from the 17th century to the 20th century.
SPSG manages 30 museum castles and other museums, 800 hectares of historic parks, 100,000 works of art, 150 monuments and 300 architectural objects.
1) Palaces and gardens in Berlin:
Jagdzeugmagazin am Jagdschloss Grunewald
Neuer Pavillon im Schlossgarten Charlottenburg
Mausoleum im Schlossgarten Charlottenburg
Schloss Charlottenburg – Theaterbau
Schloss auf der Pfaueninsel
Meierei auf der Pfaueninsel
2) Palaces and gardens in Potsdam:
Damenflügel Schloss Sanssouci
Normannischer Turm auf dem Ruinenberg
Belvedere auf dem Klausberg
Römische Bäder im Park Sanssouci
Belvedere auf dem Pfingstberg
Pomonatempel auf dem Pfingstberg
Flatowturm im Park Babelsberg
3) Palaces and gardens in the state of Brandenburg:
Schloss & Lustgarten Rheinsberg
Schloss & Schlossgarten Caputh
Schloss & Schlossgarten Königs Wusterhausen
Schloss & Schlossgarten Paretz
|89.||150||Buckingham Palace||United Kingdom||London||Historic house||More|
The Buckingham Palace was originally built in 1703 for the Duke of Buckingham, later extended many times. Since 1837, it has been the official London residence of the British monarch.
Length 108 meters, width 120 meters, height 24 meters. Area of 77,000 square meters. Number of rooms 775.
The palace interiors have a 50-meter long Picture Gallery with paintings by Rembrandt, van Dyck, Rubens and Vermeer. In the corner of the palace there is the Queen's Gallery with old masters' paintings, valuable furniture, decorative art, and representative examples of photographs. Historical royal carriages are located next to the gallery in the Royal Mews.
The palace is surrounded by a 17 hectare garden and park.
|90.||187||St. Peter's Basilica||Vatican City||Vatican City||Temple||More|
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, Roman Catholic major basilica. Erected in the years 1506–1626 on the site of an older the Early Christian basilica.
A leading work of Renaissance and Baroque architecture, designed mainly by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini with a very rich interior, e.g. Pietà Michelangelo (1498–99).
Length 220 meters, width 150 meters, height 136.6 meters.
|91.||173||Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum||Poland||Oświęcim||Memorial||More|
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum was created in 1947.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is a memorial and museum in Oświęcim (German: Auschwitz), which includes German Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is dedicated to the memory of victims who died in both camps during World War II.
The entire area of the camps covers 191 hectares.
|92.||194||Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg||Germany||Bruchsal||Historic house||More|
Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg (SSG; State Palaces and Gardens of Baden-Wuerttemberg) state heritage agency, an institution of public law established in 1987.
Looks after 62 palaces, gardens, castles, monasteries, ancient Roman bath ruins, sepulchral chapels, Celtic city, Domnick Collection, Prince's Little House located (or called) in Heidelberg, Ludwigsburg, Weikersheim, Schwetzingen, Bruchsal, Mannheim, Rastatt, Mergentheim , Solitude (Stuttgart), Meersburg, Tettnang, Ellwangen, Urach, Kirchheim, Salem, Bebenhausen, Karlsruhe, Hohentwiel, Rötteln, Hohenneuffen, Hochburg, Wäscherschloss, Dilsberg, Badenweiler, Yburg, Alt-Eberstein, Hohenstaufen, Maulenbronnor, Wiulenbronnor, Schussenried, Grosscomburg, Hirsau, Schöntal, Alpirsbach, Ochsenhausen, Heiligkreuztal, Stuttgart, Heuneburg, Nürtingen, Hüfingen, Meersburg.
|93.||166||United States Holocaust Memorial Museum||USA||Washington||Memorial||More|
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) opened in 1993.
The USHMM commemorates the Jewish victims of the Nazis.
The USHMM collection includes over 13,000 artifacts (works of art, furniture, architectural fragments, models, machines, tools, personal belongings, textiles, jewelry, numismatics), 50 million pages of archival documents, 86,000 historical photos, 1,000 hours of archival material, 9,000 oral history testimonies. 93,000 library items, a list of over 200,000 registered survivors and their families,
At the USHMM, the Hall of Remembrance has a prominent place, moreover, the USHMM has been presenting, continuously since 1993, two permanent exhibitions, numerous temporary exhibitions and traveling exhibitions traveling around the USA and around the world.
|94.||302||Gyeongju National Museum||South Korea||Gyeongju||Archeology, history,... art||More|
Gyeongju National Museum founded in 1945.
It is in possession of monuments and artifacts from the time of the Silla kingdom.
|95.||230||Grand Palace||Thailand||Bangkok||Historic house||More|
The Grand Palace was the official residence of the kings of Siam and later Thailand. Its construction began in 1782.
The Grand Palace is divided into several parts:
- Museum of the Emerald Buddha Temple, created in 1982, where you can see: Phra Thaen Manangsila Throne, a small mother-of-pearl sitting platform called Phra Thaen Song Sabai, stone Buddha images, white elephant bones, lapidarium,
- the Outer Court, with many public buildings,
- the Middle Court, including the Phra Maha Monthien Buildings, the Phra Maha Prasat Buildings and the Chakri Maha Prasat Buildings,
- the Inner Court,
- the Siwalai Gardens quarter.
The entire palace complex has a total area of 218,400 square meters.
Other museums in the Grand Palace are:
- Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles,
- Pavilion of Regalia, Royal Decorations and Coins,
- museum displaying old weapons.
|96.||220||Art Gallery of New South Wales||Australia||Sydney||Art||More|
Opened in 1874, the Art Gallery of New South Wales presents Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art, Australian, Asian, Pacific and European.
Serpentine founded in 1970 present the art of the 20th and 21st century world. In the summer, the Serpentine Pavilion program is run with outstanding architects.
Serpentine Pavilion 2022 designed by Theaster Gates © Theaster Gates Studio. Photo: Iwan Baan. Courtesy: Serpentine.
|98.||216||National Museum of Western Art||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
The National Museum of Western Art was opened in 1959.
He collects art from Western countries from the Renaissance to the 20th century. It has about 4500 exhibits.
|99.||190||Musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac||France||Paris||Ethnography, art||More|
Musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac founded in 2006.
The museum collects ethnographic objects, art, photographs, documents, musical instruments, textiles from Asia, Africa, the Americas and Oceania.
The entire collection includes over 1360,000 exhibits, of which 3,500 are exhibited.
The exhibitions cover 40,600 square meters.
|100.||204||Teatro Museo Dali Figueres||Spain||Figueres||Art||More|
Teatro Museo Dali Figueres, opened in 1974, is dedicated to its creator Salvador Dalí. In the hometown of the painter Figueres you can see the Theater-Museum and Jewels. Nearby: Port Lligat - Salvador Dali House and in Pubol - Gala Dali Castle. The museums are run by Fundacio Dali.