The Houston Museum of Natural Science was founded in 1909.
The museum complex consists of the main facility and the Burke Baker Planetarium, Cockrell Butterfly Center and Wortham Giant Screen Theater.
In the museum you can see dinosaurs and other exhibits from various fields of knowledge, e.g. geology, biology, geography.
|912||49.||Houston Museum of Natural Science||USA||Houston||Natural history||More|
|860||19.||Victoria and Albert Museum||United Kingdom||London||Art, fashion, design,... performance, decorative arts||More|
Victoria and Albert Museum was founded in 1852 as the South Kensington Museum. The permanent collection consists of over 2.3 million exhibits.
V&A Family: V&A South Kensington, V&A Museum of Childhood (transforming), V&A Dundee, V&A at Design Society (Shekou, China), V&A East (project).
The museum is divided into four sections - collections: 1) Asia; 2) furniture, textiles and fashion; 3) sculpture, metalwork, ceramics, glass; 4) word and image. The collection includes applied and decorative arts as well as design, as well as post-classical sculpture. The collections of the Italian Renaissance belong to the largest outside Italy. The Asian department covers art from South Asia, China, Japan, Korea and the Islamic world. East Asian collections draw attention with ceramics and metalwork.
The museum is located in the former royal palace. The Louvre Museum was officially opened in 1793.
About 38,000 works of art were exhibited on the exhibition area of over 60,000 square meters. The Louvre's full resources are 350,000 exhibits.
The exhibits collected at the Louvre Museum were assigned to eight collections:
The art of ancient Egypt - e.g. "The Great Sphinx",
The art of ancient Greece and Rome - e.g. "Venus of Milo", "Nike of Samothrace",
Art of the Ancient Near East - e.g. Hammurabi Codex document, figure of the goddess Nephthys,
Islamic art - e.g. Waza Barberini, Josse's Shroud,
Sculpture - e.g. Antonio Canova's Cupid and Pyche, Michelangelo's Dying Captive,
Painting - works of the best French, Flemish, Dutch or German painters, above all Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa",
Art Craft - e.g. Harbaville Triptych, Polyptych with Mary and Baby Jesus,
Drawing and Graphics - e.g. Eugène Delacroix drawings and watercolors.
|793||84.||Guggenheim Museum Bilbao||Spain||Bilbao||Art||More|
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opened in 1997 is a museum of modern and contemporary art.
The total area of the museum building is 24,000 square meters. The exhibitions cover about 11,000 square meters.
|774||66.||Getty Center||USA||Los Angeles||Art||More|
Getty Center was opened in 1997.
Exhibitions include sculpture of ancient Greece and ancient Rome (Getty Villa), paintings of European masters (e.g. Titian "Venus and Adonis" or van Gogh "Irises"), manuscripts, photography.
|751||24.||Le Gallerie degli Uffizi||Italy||Florence||Art||More|
Galleria degli Uffizi was opened to the public in 1765.
Le Gallerie degli Uffizi consists of: Gli Uffizi, Corridoio Vasariano, Palazzo Pitti, Giardino di Boboli.
The gallery is divided into rooms with works of art representing, in chronological order, various schools and styles.
The pride of the gallery are paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, and Titian.
|725||10.||State Hermitage Museum||Russia||St Petersburg||Art||More|
The State Hermitage Museum has been open to the public since 1852.
The entire collection is more than 3 million artifacts, including 1 million numismatic items.
The State Hermitage Museum presents monuments of culture and art of ancient Egypt and Greece as well as gold of the Scythians. The Hermitage collection includes two paintings by Leonardo da Vinci and the largest collection of Rembrandt paintings outside the Netherlands. The decoration of the collection is the paintings of Impressionists and post-Impressionists. The Hermitage has in its resources a rich collection of Asian art; Central Asian art collection attracts special attention. An important part of the collection is Russian art covering the period from the 11th to the 19th century.
|697||57.||Grand Palais||France||Paris||Art, science and... technology||More|
The Grand Palais opened in 1900.
Exhibitions are presented on an area of 77,000 square meters.
In the Grand Palais there are: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Société Nationale des Beaux Arts, Salon d'Automne, Palais de la Découverte. Palais de la Découverte - science museum combined with Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie (2010) in the Universcience (EPIC status).
The Tretyakov Gallery founded in 1856.
The Tretyakov Gallery collects Russian art from the 11th century to the present day.
The collection has over 200,000 exhibits.
- Tretyakov Gallery
- House-Museum of Pavel Korin
- Museum-workshop of Anna Golubkina
- Apollinarius Vasnetsov Museum-Apartment
- House-Museum of Viktor Vasnetsov
- New Tretyakov Gallery
- in Kaliningrad, Vladivostok, Samara
|649||61.||Art Institute of Chicago||USA||Chicago||Art||More|
Art Institute of Chicago founded in 1879.
The entire collection includes approximately 260,000 works of art.
The museum has a collection of European paintings, from the twelfth century to the mid-twentieth century, with distinctive paintings of impressionists and post-impressionists: Monet, Renoir, van Gogh, Cézanne, and Matisse. American painting is represented by: Wood, Hopper.
Photo: The Art Institute of Chicago. Michigan Avenue Entrance. Courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Edward Kemeys, Lions. Bronze with Green patina. Gift of Mrs. Henry Field, 1898.1a-b. The Art Institute of Chicago. The lions are the registered trademarks of the Art Institute of Chicago.
|622||18.||Shanghai Science and Technology Museum||China||Shanghai||Science and technology||More|
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum was opened in 2001.
The exhibition area covers 65,500 square meters.
Permanent exhibitions present, among others:
- Spectrum of Life: natural exhibits imitating the natural environment of Yunnan province and showing the diversity of flora,
- Earth exploration,
- Cradle of Design or Designers, visitors can use CAD/CAM to design and build small items,
- The information age,
- The world of robots,
- Space navigation.
|614||43.||National Museum of Anthropology||Mexico||Mexico City||Archeology, anthropology||More|
The National Museum of Anthropology has been open since 1964.
Exposition area: 44,000 square meters.
In the museum you can see archaeological and ethnographic collections from 2500 BC to the present day.
|597||72.||Beijing Museum of Natural History||China||Beijing||Natural history||More|
Beijing Museum of Natural History founded in 1951.
With 24,000 square meters, the exhibition's total area is 8,000 square meters. The collection includes paleontological specimens, invertebrates, birds and mammals, in total over 200,000 specimens.
Acropolis Museum opened in 2009.
Exposition area of 14,000 square meters.
It is an archaeological museum dedicated to finds from the Athenian Acropolis.
© Acropolis Museum
Photo Nikos Daniilidis
|523||12.||American Museum of Natural History||USA||New York||Natural history||More|
The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) was founded in 1869.
The museum's collection includes over 34 million specimens of minerals, rocks, meteorites, fossils, plants, animals, human bones and artifacts.
|493||7.||Forbidden City||China||Beijing||Historic house||More|
Forbidden City (Palace Museum of Beijing) established in 1925. It was built between 1406 and 1420. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, i.e. in the years 1420–1912 it was the Chinese imperial palace. The entire complex includes 980 buildings located on an area of 112 hectares.
|483||85.||Royal Ontario Museum||Canada||Toronto||Art, ethnography,... natural history||More|
The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) was opened to the public in 1914.
The ROM has over 13,000,000 exhibits in its collection. The leading the ROM collections include: minerals (including precious stones) and meteorites, dinosaurs, Indian history, works of art from China and Korea, ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, interiors from various historical periods, including in the art deco style.
|443||192.||Iziko Museums of South Africa||South Africa||Cape Town||Natural history,... archeology, history, art||More|
Iziko Museums of South Africa established in 1825.
Iziko Museums of South Africa is a combination of the following museums:
- Bertram House,
- Bo-Kaap museum,
- Groot Constantia,
- Koopmans-de Wet House,
- Maritime Centre,
- Old Town House,
- Rust en Vreugd,
- Slave Lodge,
- South African Museum (has over one and a half million specimens in its collection),
- South African National Gallery,
- South African National Gallery Annexe,
- Social History Centre,
- The Castle of Good Hope.
|433||45.||National Gallery of Victoria||Australia||Melbourne||Art||More|
The National Gallery of Victoria was founded in 1861.
It consists of two sections: the NGV International art gallery and the NGV Australia art gallery.
At NGV International you can see the works of such masters as Rembrandt, Titian, and Manet.
Whereas NGV Australia presents the art of Aborigines and Australian painters representing different periods, from classic colonial painters, through Australian Impressionists to contemporary artists.
|423||21.||National Palace Museum||Chinese Taipei||Taipei||Art||More|
The National Palace Museum was originally created as the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City in 1925.
The permanent collection consists of nearly 700,000 exhibits of ancient Chinese artifacts and works of art collected by Chinese emperors. The museum has Chinese calligraphy, porcelain, bronze, paintings, jade. The museum collections present art from the Neolithic era to the present day.
|403||75.||Royal Academy of Arts||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
Royal Academy of Arts founded in 1768.
RA presents works of art from ancient sculptures to paintings by members such as Joshua Reynolds and John Constable to the work of contemporary artists. Every year in the summer a contemporary art exhibition is organized, which has an open formula for submitting applications.
Burlington House, Royal Academy of Arts, London (c) Fraser Marr
|376||70.||Smithsonian American Art Museum and Renwick Gallery||USA||Washington||Art||More|
Smithsonian American Art Museum and Renwick Gallery founded in 1829.
The museum presents 300 years of American art, from colonial times to the present day.
The collection includes over 41,000 works by more than 7,000 artists, including: James McNeill Whistler, Georgia O’Keeffe, Edward Hopper, Robert Rauschenberg, Nam June Paik, Jenny Holzer, David Hockney.
Courtesy of the Smithsonian American Art Museum; photo by Tim Hursley
The Rijksmuseum was founded in 1800 under the name Nationale Kunst-Gallerij.
The core of the collection is a collection of paintings that includes over 5,000 paintings representing Dutch (e.g. Rembrandt van Rĳn paintings) and world paintings of the 15th-19th century. The collection is complemented by sculpture, graphics, applied art and handicrafts. The Rijksmuseum has an interesting collection of Asian art.
© Rijksmuseum (2014), photo John Lewis Marshall
|335||36.||Shaanxi History Museum||China||Xi'an||History||More|
Shaanxi History Museum was opened to visitors in 1991.
The museum collection has 370,000 artifacts.
The exhibition area covers 11,000 square meters.
The most valuable in the museum's collection are bronze products, ceramics and wall paintings from the Tang dynasty tombs.
|335||346.||Jondishapour Museum of Trade History||Iran||Shiraz||Trade and history||More|
Jondishapuor Museum of Trade History was established in 2018 in Shiraz, Iran with the permission of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Tourism and Handicrafts. The most important of establishing the museum was Owner extreme passion to Iran and preservation of ancient history of this great country through presenting museum items. Since one of the most important tasks of museum in general is to display and preserve work of collections and offering related specialized trainings, the owner and founder of Jondishapour Museum decided to employ experts in the field of exhibition as well as restoration of historical monuments so that he could provide a secure reservoir with high-tech equipment and establish the first private restoration workshop with modern materials and equipment in Shiraz This Museum was honored as the best museum in Iran under the category of conservation & preservation indexes by the ICOM- Iran. Jondishapour Museum of the Trade History houses a treasure trove of valuable historical artifacts, inchuding metals. Potteries, ghassware, manuscripts, stamps, coins, antiques, ets.
|329||74.||Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco||USA||San Francisco||Art||More|
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (FAMSF) consists of the de Young and the Legion of Honor. The collection includes about 150,000 exhibits. M. H. de Young Memorial Museum was opened in 1895, it collects and presents mainly American art from the 17th to the 20th century. At the California Palace of the Legion of Honor you can see European ancient art and works of European masters such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Renoir, Cézanne, and Picasso.
|315||94.||Gyeongju National Museum||South Korea||Gyeongju||Archeology, history,... art||More|
Gyeongju National Museum founded in 1945.
It is in possession of monuments and artifacts from the time of the Silla kingdom.
|304||76.||Palazzo Ducale||Italy||Venice||Historic house||More|
Palazzo Ducale founded in 1340. From 1923 changed to a museum. Includes, among others, Museo dell'Opera, Doge's apartments, Institutional chambers.
|298||53.||National Museums Scotland||United Kingdom||Edinburgh||National - archeology,... natural history, science and technology, air, military||More|
The National Museums Scotland (NMS) was formed in 1985, however, it originates from the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland founded in 1780.
The museum consists of:
- National Museum of Scotland
- National Museum of Flight
- National War Museum
- National Museum of Rural Life
- National Museums Collection Centre
The exhibitions display 8,000 exhibits, mainly Scottish archaeological monuments but also objects from around the world in the fields of geology, natural history, art as well as science and technology.
Pergamonmuseum opened to the public in 1930.
It is part of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin belonging to Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz.
The exhibition is divided into Antiquities Collection, Museum of the Ancient Near East, Museum of Islamic Art. The Pergamonmuseum collects monuments of ancient architecture, e.g. the Pergamon Altar, the Ishtar Gate.
Am Kupfergraben, Museumsinsel Berlin, Berlin-Mitte
© Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Maximilian Meisse
|296||33.||Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum was first opened in 1926 as the Tokyo Prefectural Museum of Art. The museum mainly exhibits the work of leading Japanese and foreign artists at temporary exhibitions. Exhibitions cover a very wide spectrum from traditional Japanese exhibitions from the Edo period, calligraphy and wood engraving to Art Nouveau, paintings by Van Gogh, Gauguin, Klimt, Munch and new wave art.
|296||60.||National Folk Museum of Korea||South Korea||Seoul||Ethnography||More|
The National Folk Museum of Korea is a museum that represents daily life and culture of Korea and is visited by more than two million people every year. We provide educational and cultural opportunities to better understand and experience the traditional Korean lifestyle. Since its establishment in 1946, the National Museum of Anthropology has primarily investigated and researched Korean folk culture, while having has acquired, preserved, and exhibited Korean folk cultural artifacts. Over the years, we have held permanent and special exhibitions, published reports, while also having conducted lectures and other public education programs. Now, in keeping with the paradigm for museums in the 21st century that require them to be more responsive to the public and take an open and specialized approach, we are striving to expand our visitor base and reach out to visitors more effectively.
Reina Sofía was opened in 1990.
It presents contemporary Spanish art in an international context from the end of the 19th century to the present day. Pablo Picasso's painting Guernica from 1937 is exhibited in Reina Sofía. Other artists whose artistic achievements are in the collection of Reina Sofía are, for example: Salvador Dali, Joan Miró, Juan Gris, Georges Braque, Francis Bacon, Alexander Calder, René Magritte, Robert Delaunay, Man Ray and Yves Klein.
The collection comprises over 20,000 works, five percent of which are on display.
The museum also houses an art library with over 100,000 books.
Army Museum opened in 1905.
Permanent exhibition area: 9,800 square meters, temporary exhibition: 600 square meters. Number of exhibits around 500,000.
It is divided into two parts; the first presents weapons and armor created between the 13th and 17th centuries, the second presents weapons and vehicles from World War I and II.
|288||81.||Canadian Museum of History||Canada||Gatineau||History, archaeology,... ethnography||More|
The Canadian Museum of History welcomes over 1.2 million visitors each year to its celebrated complex in the heart of the National Capital Region, making it one of the country's most-visited museum. With roots stretching back to 1856, it is one of Canada's oldest public institutions and a respected centre of museological excellence, sharing its expertise in history, archaeology, ethnology and cultural studies both within Canada and abroad. The National Collection consists of more than four million artifacts, specimens, works of art, written documents, and sound and visual recordings.
In addition to its ongoing exhibitions, including the spectacular Grand Hall, the First Peoples Hall, and the Canadian History Hall that provides a stunning showcase for more than 1,500 artifacts, including many of Canada's important historical treasures, each year the Museum presents a number of outstanding exhibitions focusing on Canadian and world history and civilizations. The Museum is also home to the Canadian Children's Museum.
|278||79.||Saatchi Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
Saatchi Gallery was founded in 1985.
It covers an area of 6,500 square meters.
Saatchi Gallery presents the art of young, unknown artists from around the world.
|276||42.||National Museum of Nature and Science||Japan||Tokyo||Natural history,... science and technology||More|
The National Museum of Nature and Science opened in 1871. It has over 10,000 exhibits in its collection. The museum focuses on natural history and interactive scientific experience. The most famous exhibits are: the crafted faithful dog Hachiko, fragment of the Nantan meteorite that fell on China in the 16th century, a mummy from the Japanese Edo period (1603-1868), an original WWII fighter.
|271||3.||British Museum||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The British Museum was founded in 1753. The British Museum has over 8 million exhibits. The collection consists primarily of monuments of ancient history. The collections are presented in nine sections:
Ancient Egypt and Sudan,
Ancient Greece and Rome,
Africa, Oceania and both Americas,
Great Britain, prehistory and Europe,
Drawing and graphics,
Coins and medals,
Conservation and scientific research.
The most important monuments of the British Museum include:
carvings from the ancient city of Nineveh,
Letters from Amarna,
royal tombs from Ur,
marbles from the Athenian Parthenon,
one of six caryatids from Erechtheion,
reliefs from Nineveh,
sketches of Michelangelo, Rafael, Leonardo da Vinci.
Center Pompidou opened in 1977.
The Center Pompidou houses one of the world's most important collections of modern and contemporary art. There are also large temporary exhibition galleries and a library.
|262||34.||Chongqing Museum of Natural History||China||Chongqing||Natural history||More|
Chongqing Museum of Natural History founded in 1944, initially under the name Western Museum of China.
Currently it covers an area of 30 842 square meters, of which the exhibition occupies 16 252 square meters.
It has a collection of approximately 70,000 specimens including minerals, paleontology, plants, animals, and Stone Age exhibits. Among the most valuable exhibits are the skeletons of the dinosaur Omeisaurus Zigongensis and the stegosaurus Tuojiang. Permanent exhibitions: Animal Planet, Dinosaur World, Landscape Metropolis, Earth Mystery, Life Stream, Ecological Homeland.
|262||161.||Tel Aviv Museum of Art||Israel||Tel Aviv||Art||More|
Tel Aviv Museum of Art was established in 1932.
It collects contemporary and modern art. Its collections include works by, among others: Gustav Klimt, Wassily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso, Roy Lichtenstein, Henry Moore, Jackson Pollock.
The predecessor of the Nanjing Museum was the preparatory department of the National Central Museum, which was founded in 1933.
Nanjing Museum covers an area of 85,000 square meters. The museum has over 400,000 exhibits in its permanent collection. The most important exhibit of the collection is full-size armor made of small jade tiles connected with silver wire.
The museum's collections are presented in twelve exhibition halls:
- Qin garden
- Earthen Ware Hall
- Treasure room
- Folk Art Hall
- Bronze room
- China Ming and Qing Hall
- Wu Weishan sculpture hall
- Hall of ancient paintings
- Modern Art Hall
- Jiangnan Silk Product Hall
- Jade Hall
- Lacquer Hall
|260||4.||National Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
National Gallery was founded in 1824. You can see 2,300 images there.
The most famous works:
- Leonardo da Vinci "Madonna in the Grotto"
- Vincent van Gogh "Sunflowers"
- Rembrandt van Rijn "Bathing woman"
- Caravaggio "Supper in Emmaus"
|260||88.||Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg||Germany||Potsdam||Historic house||More|
Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg (SPSG; Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg) began operating in 1995.
The SPSG deals with the most important testimonies of Brandenburg-Prussia's culture, architecture and art history from the 17th century to the 20th century.
SPSG manages 30 museum castles and other museums, 800 hectares of historic parks, 100,000 works of art, 150 monuments and 300 architectural objects.
1) Palaces and gardens in Berlin:
Jagdzeugmagazin am Jagdschloss Grunewald
Neuer Pavillon im Schlossgarten Charlottenburg
Mausoleum im Schlossgarten Charlottenburg
Schloss Charlottenburg – Theaterbau
Schloss auf der Pfaueninsel
Meierei auf der Pfaueninsel
2) Palaces and gardens in Potsdam:
Damenflügel Schloss Sanssouci
Normannischer Turm auf dem Ruinenberg
Belvedere auf dem Klausberg
Römische Bäder im Park Sanssouci
Belvedere auf dem Pfingstberg
Pomonatempel auf dem Pfingstberg
Flatowturm im Park Babelsberg
3) Palaces and gardens in the state of Brandenburg:
Schloss & Lustgarten Rheinsberg
Schloss & Schlossgarten Caputh
Schloss & Schlossgarten Königs Wusterhausen
Schloss & Schlossgarten Paretz
Hunan Museum opened to the public in 1956.
The museum covers an area of about 50,000 square meters.
The collection includes 180,000 objects, including the inscriptions from the tomb of Marquis Dai in Mawangdui from the Han dynasty and the bronze drum of the Fighting States.
|252||95.||Grand Palace||Thailand||Bangkok||Historic house||More|
The Grand Palace was the official residence of the kings of Siam and later Thailand. Its construction began in 1782.
The Grand Palace is divided into several parts:
- Museum of the Emerald Buddha Temple, created in 1982, where you can see: Phra Thaen Manangsila Throne, a small mother-of-pearl sitting platform called Phra Thaen Song Sabai, stone Buddha images, white elephant bones, lapidarium,
- the Outer Court, with many public buildings,
- the Middle Court, including the Phra Maha Monthien Buildings, the Phra Maha Prasat Buildings and the Chakri Maha Prasat Buildings,
- the Inner Court,
- the Siwalai Gardens quarter.
The entire palace complex has a total area of 218,400 square meters.
Other museums in the Grand Palace are:
- Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles,
- Pavilion of Regalia, Royal Decorations and Coins,
- museum displaying old weapons.
|251||96.||Art Gallery of New South Wales||Australia||Sydney||Art||More|
Opened in 1874, the Art Gallery of New South Wales presents Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art, Australian, Asian, Pacific and European.
|246||209.||Australian War Memorial||Australia||Canberra||Memorial, history,... military||More|
The Australian War Memorial opened in 1941.
The Australian War Memorial combines a sanctuary including the Memorial Hall with the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier, a national military museum, and a Research Center. The Memorial also has an open-air sculpture garden.
It commemorates the victims of those Australians who died in the wars and expresses gratitude for the sacrifice of Australian soldiers.
It covers 14 hectares.
|241||144.||Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil||Brazil||Brasília||Art||More|
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Brasília opened in 2000. It covers an area of 7,000 square meters.
Museu Banco do Brasil has in its collection works of artists from the first half of the 20th century, such as Bruno Giorgi, Candido Portinari, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti.
|240||2.||National Museum of China||China||Beijing||National||More|
The museum was founded in 2003 by merging two museums: Museum of the Chinese Revolution and National Museum of Chinese History.
The permanent exhibition consists of over one million exhibits.
The most important are "Simuwu Ding" from the Shang Dynasty, the square shaped Shang Dynasty bronze zun, jade burial suits sewn with gold thread from Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty ceramics. The museum has a unique numismatic collection.
|239||201.||Mysore Palace||India||Mysore||Historic house||More|
The Mysore Palace was the official residence of the Princely State of Mysore.
The palace was built in the years 1897-1912 in the Indian-Saracenic style.
Palace dimensions; length 74.7 meters, width 47.5 meters, height 44.2 meters.
The Residential Museum is located in the palace complex.
In the palace, you can see, among others: a jeweled golden throne and a golden howdah (elephant seat).
|238||240.||Hungarian National Museum||Hungary||Budapest||History, art, archeology||More|
Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum (Hungarian National Museum) founded in 1802.
In the museum you can see the coronation mantle ordered by King Stephen I and his queen consort Gisela in 1031, Scythian gold products, Seuso Treasure - silver vessels from the late Roman Empire (4th - 5th centuries), crown of Constantine IX Monomachos (Byzantium , 1042–1050), Mozart's traveling clavicord, a grand piano belonging first to Ludwig van Beethoven and later to Ferenc Liszt.
The museum covers an area of 8,000 square meters.
|235||27.||Moscow Kremlin Museums||Russia||Moscow||Art||More|
The origins of the Moscow Kremlin Museums go back to the Kremlin Armory Museum founded in 1806.
The Moscow Kremlin Museums include, among others:
- Kremlin armory,
- Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God,
- Cathedral of the Archangel,
- Cathedral of the Annunciation.
|234||39.||National Museum of History||Mexico||Mexico City||History||More|
The National Museum of History (MNH) was opened to the public in Castillo de Chapultepec in 1944.
The exhibitions show the history of Mexico, from the conquest of Spain, through the colonial era, the war of independence, to the revolution of 1910.
|227||98.||National Museum of Western Art||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
The National Museum of Western Art was opened in 1959.
He collects art from Western countries from the Renaissance to the 20th century. It has about 4500 exhibits.
|226||99.||Musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac||France||Paris||Ethnography, art||More|
Musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac founded in 2006.
The museum collects ethnographic objects, art, photographs, documents, musical instruments, textiles from Asia, Africa, the Americas and Oceania.
The entire collection includes over 1360,000 exhibits, of which 3,500 are exhibited.
The exhibitions cover 40,600 square meters.
|225||38.||Tokyo National Museum||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
Tokyo National Museum was founded in 1872.
The most important part of the collection is ancient and medieval Japanese art, monuments of the Silk Road and Greek-Buddhist art.
The collection consists of over 110,000 objects.
Photo: Facade of the Gallery of Hōryūji Treasures, Tokyo National Museum
|225||71.||Museo Nacional del Prado||Spain||Madrid||Art||More|
Museo Nacional del Prado was founded in 1819.
The collection includes works from the royal collection, collected from the 16th to the 20th century.
- Spanish painting - from Romanesque art to the 20th century, you can find works of artists such as: El Greco, Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso, the works of Velazquez (almost 50 works) and Goya (over 140 paintings) are most widely represented,
- Italian painting - from the 15th to the 18th century, the best collection of paintings from the Venetian school, including works of Titian, Veronese and Tintoretto,
- Flemish painting - from the 15th to the 17th century, presentation of the works of Rogier van der Weyden, Bosch,
- French painting - from the 16th to the early 19th century, e.g. paintings by Poussin and Lorrain,
- Greek sculpture - two original sculptures from the archaic period (including kuros from the 6th century BC), Roman copies of the works of Greek masters from the classical period (a miniature copy of Athena Partenos by Fidias, a copy of Athena Myron from the group Athena and Marsia,
- a collection of drawings from the 15th to the 19th century, the Spanish school looks best here (including Goya), but you can also find drawings by Michelangelo,
- graphics - a rich collection consists of Franco Goya's cycles.
The Serralves Museum was opened in 1999.
It is a museum of contemporary art where you can see works by artists such as Franz West, Claes Oldenburg or Richard Hamilton at temporary exhibitions (no permanent exhibitions).
The museum building covers an area of 13,000 square meters, including 4,500 square meters for exhibition space.
|224||6.||Vatican Museums||Vatican City||Vatican City||Art||More|
Vatican Museums made available to the public in 1787. The Vatican Museums consist of:
- Museo Chiaramonti
- Museo Sacro
- Museo Pio Clementino
- Museo Missionario-Etnologico
- Appartamento Borgia
- Sistine Chapel
- Gregorian Etruscan Museum
- Egyptian Museum
|222||14.||China Science and Technology Museum||China||Beijing||Science and technology||More|
China Science and Technology Museum founded in 1988. Area: 48,000 square meters.
It presents popular science exhibitions, Astro-vision film screenings, training-based educational programs and experimental-based exhibition programs.
Topics: Glories of China and Science Paradise, Exploration and Discovery, Sci-tech and Life and The Challenges and the Future.
|219||48.||Van Gogh Museum||Netherlands||Amsterdam||Art||More|
Van Gogh Museum opened to the public in 1973.
The museum stores 200 paintings by Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) from all periods of his work, 400 drawings and 700 letters. The collection enriches the paintings of other outstanding European painters from 1840-1920.
|219||100.||Teatro Museo Dali Figueres||Spain||Figueres||Art||More|
Teatro Museo Dali Figueres, opened in 1974, is dedicated to its creator Salvador Dalí. In the hometown of the painter Figueres you can see the Theater-Museum and Jewels. Nearby: Port Lligat - Salvador Dali House and in Pubol - Gala Dali Castle. The museums are run by Fundacio Dali.
Musée d'Orsay opened to the public in 1986. In 2010, the Musée de l'Orangerie joined the Musée d'Orsay.
The collection mainly contains French art from 1848–1918: painting, sculpture, photography and furniture. Among the collections of paintings, the most popular are the works of impressionists and post-impressionists, e.g .:
- Paul Cézanne - Card Players (1893–1896), Apples and Oranges (1895–1900);
- Edgar Degas - Absinthe (1875–76), Blue Dancers (1890);
- Paul Gauguin - Self Portrait with Yellow Christ (1889–1890), Tahitian Women on the Beach (1891);
- Édouard Manet - Olimpia (1863), Breakfast on the grass (1863);
- Claude Monet - Saint-Lazare Train Station (1877), cycle Cathedral of Rouen (1892–93), Water Lilies (1916–19);
- Auguste Renoir - Ball at Moulin de la Galette (1876);
- Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec - Toilet (1896);
- Vincent van Gogh - Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890).
|218||156.||Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum||USA||New York||Art||More|
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum was established in 1939 as the Museum of Non-Objective Painting. The museum collects impressionist, post-impressionist, modern and contemporary art. Its collections include works by artists such as Paul Cézanne, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, Paul Klee.
|217||64.||National Gallery Singapore||Singapore||Singapore||Art||More|
National Gallery Singapore was founded in 2015.
The collection of over 8,000 works of art is presented on an area of 64,000 square meters.
The National Gallery Singapore exhibits works of artists from Singapore and Southeast Asia from the 19th to the 21st century.
National Gallery Singapore, Link Bridges at the Padang Atrium
|216||40.||China Art Museum||China||Shanghai||Art||More|
China Art Museum was founded in 1956 as the Shanghai Art Museum.
The museum mainly collects Chinese contemporary art.
It has around 14,000 works of art in its collections.
|214||28.||National Museum of Korea||South Korea||Seoul||Art||More|
The National Museum of Korea was founded in 1909 as the Imperial Household Museum.
It has over 310,000 exhibits, on 307 227 square meters of exhibition space. One of the most important artifacts is the golden crown of Silla and the 10-story pagoda of the Gyeongcheons Temple.
|214||52.||National Museum of African American History and Culture||USA||Washington||History||More|
The National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) belongs to the Smithsonian Institution, opened to the public in 2016.
The museum building has an area of 33,000 square meters.
NMAAHC has in its collection over 40,000 exhibits, of which about 3,500 exhibits are exhibited. The museum presents African American history, art, music. One of the most pipular exhibits was the 1953 Jacqueline Bouvier wedding dress when she got married to John F. Kennedy, a trumpet that belonged to jazz musician Louis Armstrong, Muhammad Ali's boxing gloves.
|210||11.||National Air and Space Museum||USA||Washington||Air and space||More|
National Air and Space Museum part of the Smithsonian Institution, open since 1976. He makes public about 80% of his 50,000 exhibits. The most important of them are:
- the world's first Flyer I engine plane constructed in 1903 by the Wright brothers
- Spirit of St. Louis, which the American pilot Charles Lindbergh made in 1927 the first single stopover flight from North America to Europe
- built from original components acquired during World War II, the German V2 rocket
- Columbia command module (orbital) from the Apollo 11 mission, during which the first human landing on the moon took place
- Discovery space shuttle
- supersonic Concorde passenger plane
A view of the "America by Air" gallery; National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian
Shanghai Museum was founded in 1952.
The museum's collections contain over 1 million exhibits.
The museum has a representative collection of ancient Chinese art, which consists of: bronze, sculptures, ceramics, jades, paintings, calligraphy, seals, coins and a "transparent" bronze mirror from the Han Dynasty.
|210||92.||Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg||Germany||Bruchsal||Historic house||More|
Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg (SSG; State Palaces and Gardens of Baden-Wuerttemberg) state heritage agency, an institution of public law established in 1987.
Looks after 62 palaces, gardens, castles, monasteries, ancient Roman bath ruins, sepulchral chapels, Celtic city, Domnick Collection, Prince's Little House located (or called) in Heidelberg, Ludwigsburg, Weikersheim, Schwetzingen, Bruchsal, Mannheim, Rastatt, Mergentheim , Solitude (Stuttgart), Meersburg, Tettnang, Ellwangen, Urach, Kirchheim, Salem, Bebenhausen, Karlsruhe, Hohentwiel, Rötteln, Hohenneuffen, Hochburg, Wäscherschloss, Dilsberg, Badenweiler, Yburg, Alt-Eberstein, Hohenstaufen, Maulenbronnor, Wiulenbronnor, Schussenried, Grosscomburg, Hirsau, Schöntal, Alpirsbach, Ochsenhausen, Heiligkreuztal, Stuttgart, Heuneburg, Nürtingen, Hüfingen, Meersburg.
Galleria dell'Accademia founded in 1784.
It is in possession of sculptures by Michelangelo (including the monumental statue of "David"), works of Florentine painters from 1300-1600 and collections of historical musical instruments made, among others, by Stradivarius.
Suzhou Museum founded in 1960.
The exhibition area covers 2,200 square meters. The collection consists of over 15,000 exhibits. Most are ancient Chinese paintings and calligraphy, ceramics, arts and crafts. The collection of paintings and calligraphy includes works of masters from the Song dynasty through the Ming dynasty to the Qing dynasty.
Chengdu Museum was founded in 1958.
The total exhibition area covers almost 20,000 square meters.
The entire collection includes nearly 200,000 exhibits and are representative of the Chengdu region from the Neolithic period to the Republic of China. Museum collections include bronze from the pre-Qin period, gold and silver; porcelain and silk of the Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties; graves and treasures of the Ming and Qing dynasties; Dojo paintings, shadows, dolls.
|205||203.||Institut Valenciá D'Art Modern||Spain||València||Art||More|
Institut Valenciá D'Art Modern (IVAM; Valencian Institute of Modern Art) opened in 1989.
The IVAM collection includes over 11,300 works (5,000 of which are photographs) by modern and contemporary artists, mainly from Valencia, Spain, Europe, Latin America and North America.
The collections are divided thematically:
- Ignacio Pinazo (1849-1916) and Julio González (1876-1942) - the beginnings of modernity,
- analytical abstraction,
- phenomenal and dada poetics,
- gestures informalism,
- reality and its chronicles,
- city cartography,
- individual mythologies and the present 1980-2010.
|201||51.||Three Gorges Museum||China||Chongqing||History||More|
Three Gorges Museum opened in 2005.
The museum covers an area of about 42,500 square meters. The exhibition hall itself has an area of about 23,200 square meters.
The main exhibitions are dedicated to:
- Glorious Three Gorges
- Ancient Ba-Yu - early history of Chongqing
- Chongqing: the City Road – 20th century history
In addition, the museum presents exhibitions: porcelain, calligraphy, painting, sculpture from the Han dynasty, coins.
|200||13.||National Gallery of Art||USA||Washington||Art||More|
The National Gallery of Art, founded as a gift to the nation, serves as a center of visual art, education, and culture. Our collection of more than 150,000 paintings, sculpture, decorative arts, photographs, prints, and drawings spans the history of Western art and showcases some of the triumphs of human creativity. Across 363 days a year, the National Gallery offers a full spectrum of special exhibitions and public programs free of charge.
|199||86.||National September 11 Memorial & Museum||USA||New York||Memorial||More|
National September 11 Memorial & Museum opened to the public in 2014.
The monument and museum in New York commemorate the attacks of September 11, 2001.
The museum collection includes, among others, over 40,000 paintings and 14,000 artifacts.
|198||50.||Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie||France||Paris||Science and technology||More|
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie was officially opened in 1986.
It covers an area of 150,000 square meters.
Specializes in the dissemination of scientific and technological knowledge. It consists of, among others, Explora, planetarium, and IMAX cinema. The museum also has an Argonaute submarine from 1958.
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie combined with Palais de la Découverte (2010) in the Universcience (EPIC status).
|196||90.||St. Peter's Basilica||Vatican City||Vatican City||Temple||More|
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, Roman Catholic major basilica. Erected in the years 1506–1626 on the site of an older the Early Christian basilica.
A leading work of Renaissance and Baroque architecture, designed mainly by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini with a very rich interior, e.g. Pietà Michelangelo (1498–99).
Length 220 meters, width 150 meters, height 136.6 meters.
|195||46.||National Art Center, Tokyo||Japan||Tokyo||Art||More|
The National Art Center, Tokyo (NACT) was opened in 2007.
NACT does not have its own collection, permanent exhibition. Curators of NACT organizes temporary exhibitions and sponsored presentations, sometimes with other organizations.
NACT's exhibition space is 14,000 square meters.
|195||59.||California Science Center||USA||Los Angeles||Science and technology,... air and space||More|
California Science Center founded in 1951 as the California Museum of Science and Industry. Current permanent exhibitions: Ecosystems, Creative World, World of Life, Space exhibits, Aircraft, Robotic spacecraft.
|194||8.||Tate Modern||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The opening of Tate Modern took place in 2000. Tate Modern collects art collections of the 20th and 21st centuries. Exhibition area 55,000 square meters.
|192||32.||National Museum of Natural Science||Chinese Taipei||Taichung||Natural history||More|
The National Museum of Natural Science was founded in 1986.
The museum's collection consists of over 550,000 exhibits.
The collections are divided into departments of geology, botany, zoology, and anthropology.
|192||77.||Museum of Fine Arts||USA||Boston||Art||More|
Museum of Fine Arts was founded in 1870.
It has over 450,000 works of art from various periods from antiquity to the present day. The collection includes, among others, ancient Egyptian and Greek sculptures, Dutch painting of the seventeenth century, paintings of French impressionists, American art of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Japanese ceramics and woodcut.
|191||222.||National Maritime Museum||South Korea||Busan||Maritime||More|
National Maritime Museum opened in 2012.
The exhibitions focus on all aspects of marine and ocean life, from sea creatures to the history of the maritime industry based on 5,000 years of maritime culture. In the museum, you can see, among others, a replica of the Ship of Joseon Envoy.
Over 12,000 artefacts are presented at the exhibitions.
The museum covers an area of 45,444 square meters, including a total floor area of 25,870 square meters.
|188||62.||National Portrait Gallery||United Kingdom||London||Art||More|
The National Portrait Gallery was opened in 1856.
Has in the collection of nearly 200,000 portraits of famous British people.
|187||44.||Royal Museums Greenwich||United Kingdom||London||History, maritime||More|
Royal Museums Greenwich is an organization associating four museums located in Greenwich in London: National Maritime Museum, Queen's House, Royal Observatory Greenwich, Cutty Sark.
Established in 2012.
It has over 4,000,000 objects in its collection.
|187||91.||Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum||Poland||Oświęcim||Memorial||More|
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum was created in 1947.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is a memorial and museum in Oświęcim (German: Auschwitz), which includes German Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is dedicated to the memory of victims who died in both camps during World War II.
The entire area of the camps covers 191 hectares.
|187||278.||Salzburg Burgen & Schlösser Betriebsführung||Austria||Salzburg||Historic house||More|
Salzburg Burgen & Schlösser Betriebsführung (SBSB) - the Salzburger Burgen & Schlösser Management is a company-like institution of the Office of the Salzburg Provincial Government. SBSB started its operations in 1993. It consists of:
- Fortress Hohensalzburg, one of the largest existing castles in Europe from the 11th century, consisting of fifty buildings with a total area of 33,000 square meters; it houses: Prince's Chambers & Magic Theater, Armory, Panorama Tour, Castle Museum (a branch of Salzburg Museum), Rainer Regimental Museum, Puppet Museum.
- Hohenwerfen Castle; it houses the following exhibitions: The Legend of Jackl - Wizards and Witches in Salzburg, Exhibition of the film "Where Eagles Dare".
- Mauterndorf Castle; it houses the Lungau Country Museum
- Salzburg "Residence" Palace
|187||279.||Ashmolean Museum||United Kingdom||Oxford||University – art,... archeology||More|
Ashmolean Museum opened in 1683. The world's first university museum.
The museum's collection includes one of the most important collections of Pre-Raphaelite paintings, paintings by William Turner, John Constable, Claude Lorraine and Pablo Picasso. The archeology department boasts a collection of Greek and Minoan pottery (the largest outside Crete), artifacts from ancient Egypt and Sudan. An important place is occupied by the collections of majolica ceramics and English silverware.
|186||5.||Metropolitan Museum of Art||USA||New York||Art||More|
The oldest and largest American museum. Founded in 1870.
The collections are divided into thematic sections covering the history of world art: painting, applied art, military, musical instruments, photography.
The collection of paintings includes works of the world's greatest artists. The collection's decoration is the canvas of Dutch master Rembrandt. Italian paintings are represented by paintings e.g. Botticelli and Rafael.
The museum has an excellent collection of 19th-century French painting e.g. Manet, Monet, Renoir, van Gogh, Cézanne.
|186||73.||Queensland Art Gallery & Gallery of Modern Art||Australia||Brisbane||Art||More|
Queensland Art Gallery & Gallery of Modern Art (QAGOMA) have been working together since 2006. In total, they cover an area of nearly 30,000 square meters. They present contemporary art of Australia, Asia and the Pacific. Their collections include works by others: Pablo Picasso, Willem de Kooning, Nam June Paik, Cindy Sherman, and James Turrell. QAGOMA includes the Children's Art Center.
Zhejiang Museum was founded in 1929 as the West Lake Museum. It has over 100,000 exhibits in its permanent collection.
His collection includes archaeological findings of the Neolithic Hemudu culture, jade artifacts and silk fabrics of the Liangzhu culture, bronze Yue instruments, ceramics from the Tang Dynasty in Yue kilns, a bronze mirror from Huzhou, and calligraphies and paintings of local painters from the Ming and Qing period.
|185||30.||Science Museum||United Kingdom||London||Science and technology||More|
Science Museum founded in 1857.
It has a collection of over 300,000 exhibits.
The collections cover various fields of science and technology, presenting the history of the development of these fields. There are, among others sets of exhibits related to the activities of British inventors, e.g. James Watt (pioneering steam engines), George Stephenson (Rocket steam engine), John Logie Baird (prototype television sets).
|185||125.||Australian Center for the Moving Image||Australia||Melbourne||Cinema, media, art||More|
Australian Center for the Moving Image founded in 2002.
ACMI is a museum of digital culture, film, video games and art.
ACMI's centrepiece exhibition The Story of the Moving, photo Gareth Sobey
|183||87.||Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts||Russia||Moscow||Art||More|
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts was opened in 1912.
Currently, it has around 700,000 European art exhibits.
|183||214.||ArtScience Museum||Singapore||Singapore||Art, science and... technology||More|
The ArtScience Museum was opened in 2011.
The ArtScience Museum presents important traveling exhibitions linking art, science, culture and technology. The exhibitions organized by the museum were devoted to the works of Leonardo da Vinci, Vincent Van Gogh, Salvador Dalí, Andy Warhol, among others, as well as elementary particle physics, robotics, palaeontology, marine biology and space exploration. Examples of other exhibitions:
- Traveling the Silk Road: Ancient Pathway to the Modern World (2011),
- Shipwrecked: Tang Treasures and Monsoon Winds (2011),
- Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition (2011-2012),
- Cartier Time Art (2011-2012),
- Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb (2013),
- Dinosaurs: Dawn to Extinction (2014).
The ArtScience Museum has 21 galleries with a total area of 6,000 square meters.
|182||193.||Qatar Museums||Qatar||Doha||Art, archeology,... history||More|
The Qatar Museums includes:
- Museum of Islamic Art (MIA), opened in 2008, covers an area of 45,000 square meters, about 10% of the collection can be seen in permanent exhibitions,
- Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art, opened in 2010, covers an area of 5,500 square meters, has a collection of over 9,000 works of art,
- National Museum of Qatar, opened in 2019, covers an area of 40,000 square meters, the collection consists of approximately 8,000 objects,
- QM Gallery Katara,
- QM Gallery Alriwaq,
- Garage Gallery, Fire Station.
Soon to open: Qatar Children's Museum, Orientalist Museum, 3-2-1 Qatar Olympic and Sports Museum, M7.